The temple of Jupiter was a temple of Roman Pompeii. It was buried by the Vesuvius in 79 A.D. and discovered during the archaeological excavations of the ancient Pompeii. The temple of Jupiter was built around 250 B.C. and it was initially dedicated to Jupiter and it became soon the main temple of Pompeii.
After the conquest of the town by Lucio Cornelio Silla, the temple was dedicated to the worship of Capitoline Triad, so called Capitolium, in honor not only of Jupiter but also of Juno and Minerva.
The temple of Jupiter located at the north end of the Forum, it was pure “Italic style”, with a high pedestal base. It was built with small stones of tuff and lava, decorated with half columns but it was empty inside; the entrance was along the East side: this area is divided in three vaulted aisles and the walls are built in opus incertum; the three chambers, called favissa, were used as storage or to shield the treasury of the town.
The tiers along the temple have a particular design: the temple had two narrow flights of stairs, both joint on a ledge where a wider stairs led to the altar; at the sides of these tiers there were two equestrian statues, as a fresco located in Lucio Cecilio Giocondo’s house.