The house of the Labyrinth is one of the domus of Pompeii built for the most part during the republican period. The house is located in the Regio VI, Insula 11, 9.10 and its name derives from a mosaic depicting the labyrinth and the fight between Theseus and the Minotaur. This house fits in with the “atrium style”.
This typology, influenced by the Hellenic world, lived a process of transformation with the addition of the peristyle (it’s colonnaded around a garden), overlooked by numerous reception rooms intended for meals. This addition causes a transformation of domestic life, because it establishes a new gravitational center. This kind of construction in its whole form is the expression of Pompeian aristocracy.
Among the many rooms set along the peristyle are the oecus, new living rooms have to be offered to the admiration of the guests. It has two atrium, one with four columns and the other one without. The house is luxuriously decorated with a mosaic and with “Second style” wall paintings.
Seventeen rooms still show remains of those frescoes; these frescoes dated between 70-60 A.D are probably the new decoration of the house after the destruction in 89 B.C. The oecus which opens off to the north side of the peristyle is decorated with ten Corinthian columns, whose walls also show that “Second style” deteriorated frescoes.
The floor shows a mosaic which gave its name to the house, and it depicts Theseus killing the Minotaur in the labyrinth. The private thermal baths are decorated with “Third style” paintings. Two atriums make us to believe that the house was built joining two preexistent older houses.