The thermal baths date back to the age of Augustus, and they were made up of two parts, the one reserved for men and the other one for women.
The central thermal baths had an important public function; it came to people’s need to washing carefully, because the running water was a privilege reserved for very few people. The access was allowed to people of all social classes, in different times and at a very low cost, within everyone’s reach.
Thermal baths had also an important social function: there people talked about business, met friends, did gymnastics and relaxed their spirit and body after the everyday work.
The structure of the thermal baths included both dressing-rooms for men and women, a gymnasium or a swimming-pool, to follow the calidarium: a bath with very hot water, the tepidarium and in the end, the frigidarium, with pools of cold water that completed the itinerary.
Male and female areas show differences of dimensions and functionality. Where the male sector had a garden for training exercises, there was a courtyard in the female sector, with brick benches around the walls to support meeting and conviviality.
The pools and the places of passage used to be decorated with flooring mosaics whose subjects were above all marine and geometric ones.